IP Address Search

IP address is the unique binary number assigned to a computer or any device such as mobile, fax machines, etc. which is connected to the Internet. It is usually expressed in decimal format for human reading. IP addresses enable the communication between devices in a network. IP addresses also help to track a specific device in any part of the world by looking up its IP address. IP address search or geolocation can find out the exact physical location of the device: its country, region, city, postal code, latitude, longitude and time zone.

IP address search is performed to know from where a piece of information has come; it may be to find out the sender of an email that has serious security implications to the person or country, or it may be to track spammers.  Illegal transfer of important files can also be mapped to its originating system. Sometimes the IP address search is used by webmasters to trace the geographic distribution of the visitors to their websites. Based on this, they can decide which content must be shown or blocked to visitors from a particular country.

IP address search can be done through various tools that use the WHOIS system. The WHOIS system is a database query service that can retrieve the registration information of an IP address and the details of its owner. There are many public sites that offer the WHOIS query services. These free online searches help one to find out the IP addresses of websites, email or instant message senders, internet service providers, cell phone owners, and any device connected to the Internet.

There are two types of IP address search: forward search and reverse search. In forward IP address search, a domain or computer name is mapped to its IP address. In reverse IP address search, the number is converted to a name. Most of the IP address search services support both types of searches.

IP address search is used in various fields. In national security affairs, IP address search plays an important role. In criminal investigations, the IP address tracking technology helps the law enforcement authorities to counter terrorist activities, protect vital defense and confidential data from getting leaked, and block the spread of intolerance, racist ideas, and other forms of social abuse. Banks and other financial organizations rely heavily on IP address search to trace its customers and prevent illegal activities like money laundering or transferring funds to terrorist organizations. Credit card fraud can also be detected with this technology.